Frequently asked questions (and answers!) about Type 2 Diabetes.

At our Urgent Care Centers in Palm Beach Gardens, West Palm Beach, and Palm Springs, we treat patients with type 1 and type 2 diabetes on a regular basis. We help them manage any health issues they are struggling with related to these diseases. We happily take care of our patients seven days per week, no appointment necessary. Stop by whenever is convenient for you and let us provide you with the quality care that you need. Based on our extensive experience, we realize that people who suspect they may have diabetes or those who have just found out they have it are full of questions about it and how to manage it. In today’s article, our specialists from Urgent Care Center in Palm Beach Gardens will answer the questions most frequently asked by their patients.   

What’s the difference between Type 1 and Type 2 Diabetes?

There is a reason why we differentiate type 1 and type 2 diabetes. The treatment of each is very different. Type 1 diabetics are entirely dependent on insulin injections as their immune system attacks the insulin, producing beta cells and eventually leading to the inability of their body to produce insulin. In contrast, the biggest problem for patients suffering from type 2 diabetes isn’t their immune system attacking beta cells but the inability of their body to properly respond to insulin;as a result, they develop insulin resistance. At Urgent Care Center in Palm Beach County, we don’t recommend insulin injections to all patients with type 2 diabetes. Some of them are still producing certain amounts of insulin; for them, medication that would improve insulin release by the pancreas would be a more appropriate solution.

What are the symptoms?

Many people with type 2 diabetes who decide to visit our Urgent Care Center in Palm Beach Gardens aren’t even aware they have it. It gradually progresses, and the symptoms appear after a while. The most common ones are: constant thirst, frequent urination, losing or gaining a lot of weight without a reason, blurred vision, slow healing of wounds, and unexplained fatigue. The higher the blood sugar is, the more severe the symptoms are.

How is Type 2 Diabetes diagnosed?

Urgent Care Center in Palm Beach Gardens always encourages those people who are experiencing any of the above-mentioned symptoms to visit us and be tested. Even if you don’t show any symptoms, you should still get tested if you have a family history of diabetes, are over 45 years old, are under the age of 45 and either overweight or obese, have a history of heart disease, or have higher than normal blood sugar. Type 2 diabetes is diagnosed one of the following ways:2

Random blood sugar test – a blood sample is taken at a random time of the day; no matter what time you ate last, your results will be within the norm if your blood sugar level is lower than 200 mg/dL. Anything higher than that indicates diabetes;

Fasting blood sugar test – a blood sample is collected after an overnight fast; your blood sugar is within the norm when the results are less than 100 mg/dL; a fasting blood sugar that ranges from 100 to 125 mg/dL suggests prediabetes, whereas anything above 126 mg/dL is considered diabetes;

Oral glucose tolerance test – this one is a little bit similar to the fasting blood sugar test, as your blood is taken after an overnight fast and your blood sugar level is measured; you are then given a sugary liquid to drink, and the blood sugar level is tested a few more times over the next two hours;

Glycated hemoglobin (A1C) test – this test reflects your average blood sugar level over the previous two to three months; more precisely, the A1C test is designed to measure the percentage of hemoglobin in your blood (i.e.,the protein in red blood cells that is coated with sugar). The higher the A1C level,  the harder the blood sugar control is, hence the higher the risk of diabetes.

The table below will be useful for understanding your blood test results:1

Diagnosis Random blood sugar test

(mg/dL)*

Fasting blood sugar test (mg/dL) Oral glucose tolerance test (mg/dL) A1C test (percent)
Normal 99 or below 139 or below Below 5.7
Prediabetes 100 to 125 140 to 199 5.7 to 6.4
Diabetes 200 and above 126 or above 200 or above 6.4 or above

*Glucose values are in milligrams per deciliter (mg/dL)

How do I manage Diabetes

Always keep in mind that the more you know about the disease you have, the better you can manage it. The same rule applies to type 2 diabetes. Urgent Care Center in Palm Beach Gardens always recommends the following activities to their patients  to improve their health and effectively manage their health condition.

Change your lifestyle

The first thing you should consider is following a healthy and nutritious diet. Choose foods that have a lower glycemic index, such as vegetables, leafy greens, beans, lean meats, whole grains, and certain fruits like apples or berries, over highly processed or fast foods. If you already struggle with too many pounds, try to exercise more to lose the extra weight. If going to the gym is your nightmare, simply go for a brisk walk, ride a bicycle, or run a half a mile. Move that body however you can! If you have nothing against getting a gym membership, then try weightlifting as well as high-intensity training. Both of them will help you lose weight fast and keep your blood sugar levels steady. Trying yoga and Pilates will not only add some physical activity to your life, but also help you manage the stress that makes blood sugar levels harder to control. Stress relief will also help you sleep better at night, which plays a crucial role in managing diabetes. Although these are several changes you should consider making to manage diabetes, our medical team at the Urgent Care Center in Palm Beach Gardens will be happy to suggest even more things you can do to enjoy your life regardless of the presence of this disease.

Medications

In some cases, lifestyle changes are not enough and medication has to be prescribed. Patients with type 2 diabetes need it to help their bodies produce insulin and decrease insulin resistance. The amount of medicine and the time period in which our patients have to take it vary. Some need it only a short period of time, whereas others will always need medication to keep their blood sugar levels in check.

Other possibilities

You may also try some complementary therapies, e.g., acupuncture, chiropractic therapy, biofeedback or massage, which may help you feel better, but they shouldn’t be the main treatment..  

Is there any way to prevent type 2 Diabetes

The good news is that it’s possible to prevent type 2 diabetes, and it doesn’t require you to take  any complicated actions. As we said before, sometimes all it takes is changing your lifestyle by adopting a healthy and balanced diet, exercising regularly and maintaining a healthy weight, limiting alcohol intake, and quitting smoking. Nevertheless, seeing a physician who will establish your chances of having diabetes in the future is also very important. If you know ahead of time that you are at risk of getting this health condition, it’s the highest time to start making those changes to your lifestyle!

Are you looking for a physician who will help you?

If you are located in Palm Beach County and are looking for an experienced doctor who will help you manage your diabetes and keep your blood sugar levels in check, don’t hesitate to contact our Urgent Care Center in Palm Beach Gardens. Here we do our best to help you develop a healthy lifestyle that will make you feel better from day one. We accept patients on a walk-in basis. We also accepts patients at our two other locations in West Palm Beach and Palm Springs.

1https://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/type-2-diabetes/diagnosis-treatment/drc-20351199

2https://www.niddk.nih.gov/health-information/diabetes/overview/tests-diagnosis


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